Pramod Kumar Mohapatra, Commissioner (Systems) - Delhi Development Authority
Harnessing the Potential of Technology to Improve the Performance of Road/Highway Projects
Once built, infrastructure enters the longest phase of its life, often an assumed perpetuity: roads, rail, waterways and docks are examples of what we assume will be continuously maintained and updated. For this phase, infrastructure assets are inspected against an asset database that can also be the foundation of upgrade work in future decades.
The four key stages of infrastructure – planning, designing, building, maintaining – all happen “somewhere.” “Somewhere” is often important to citizens and consumers. “Somewhere” is critical to the service delivery organizations. The question is not whether Infrastructure can benefit from automated technologies, but how Infrastructure can be further enhanced using advanced and multiple technologies to improve public services.
Geospatial technology are beneficial during Project Preparation stage including Alignment selection, Land use pattern for Preparation of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Environmental Management Plan (EMP), Forest / Wildlife clearance proposals, Land Acquisition – Superimposition of the alignment on Cadastral (revenue) map and finalization of land acquisition plans including Compensation calculations, Preparation of preliminary Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and vertical profile creation including preliminary cut and fill calculation, Identification of land for wayside amenities, Deciding locations of Pedestrian Underpass / Vehicular Underpasses / Service Roads based on connectivity / alternative routes to villages / town and depth of development, Monitoring encroachments in ROW, Monitor progress of road construction activity at regular intervals using multi temporal high resolution satellite data for the identified stretches , Bhuvan geoportal as platform to visualize and monitor the progress of projects. Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) technology to bring more accuracy and speed in preparation of feasibility / DPR works to ensure timely decision on alignments, designs and accurate delivery of Highway projects.
Unmanned Ariel Vehicle (UAV) Technology can provide valuable contribution in topographic survey and inventory related activities. The Scanning Total Station provides the innovative solution for surveying, engineering, and scanning. The Internet of Things(IoT) Platform is meant to provide milling and paving equipment manufacturers and the end-user contractors with analytics and reports about various aspects of their tasks and assets, in order to enhance the decision-making process and obtain the best possible management of resources, fleets and personnel.
Construction is “the land of disputes” the majority of which are inextricably connected with payments. The Blockchain technology could function as a trustworthy contract administrator by introducing an error-free process based on which the contracts would be both built and monitored. A smart contract is nothing more than a digital protocol built within the Blockchain network in order to implement the conditions of a contract. Every node is containing all the necessary information about the contractual agreement and the conditions under which the contract will be regarded as completed. Smart contracts can help the construction industry to get rid of intermediary parties (eg lawyers) as they function under the if/then concept. If a bricklayer is done with building the wall, then he asks for it to be inspected. If the inspection is successful then the bricklayer is paid. Smart contracts can cover these if/then schemes. They can be registered on the Blockchain and crypto currency can be used in order for these contracts to be collateralized. In a nutshell, more direct transactions can be encouraged through smart contracts. The Blockchain could boost collaboration and transparency with the use of bitcoin for construction.
Despite substantial investments in innovation, the construction industry is struggling to reap the full benefits of advanced data and analytics, drones, automation and robotics.
India has one of the largest road networks of over 52.32 lakh km. It comprises National Highways, Expressways, State Highways, Major District Roads, Other District Roads and Village Roads. Total length of National Highways in India is over 1, 15,000 km. National Highways are 2% but carry 40% of the traffic. Once built, infrastructure enters the longest phase of its life, often an assumed perpetuity: roads, rail, waterways and docks are examples of what we assume will be continuously maintained and updated.
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